By Albert F. Celoza
Ferdinand Marcos got here to energy within the Philippines in a coup détat in 1972 and governed completely, within the identify of order, until eventually his dramatic overthrow in February of 1986. This research examines how the authoritarian regime of Marcos remained in strength, occasionally within the face of big competition, for 14 years. Repressive regimes could appear bad, yet they can be in a position to elicit the help of vital sectors of society. Marcos was once in a position to keep authoritarian rule in the course of the aid of bureaucrats, businessmen, and the military―all with the help of the USA executive. He maintained this community of help via a patron-client process with a centralized paperwork as its energy and source base. with a view to gift his supporters, he increased the authority of presidency. yet to lessen the political fee of enlargement, he maintained the criminal and constitutional sorts of democracy. The Philippine event in despotism isn't detailed; many 3rd global international locations are lower than authoritarian rule. This sophisticated and nuanced research, as a result, presents an exam of the levers of energy to be had to absolute rulers, to higher comprehend the political economic system of authoritarianism.
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Ferdinand Marcos and the Philippines: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism by Albert F. Celoza